Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., is Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. He also serves as director of the Justice Research Association, a private consulting firm and think tank focusing on issues of crime and justice. Dr. Schmalleger holds a bachelor's degree from the University of Notre Dame and both a master's and a doctorate in sociology from The Ohio State University with a special emphasis in criminology. From 1976 to 1994, he taught criminal justice courses at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke, serving for many years as a tenured full professor. For the last 16 of those years, he chaired the Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice. As an adjunct professor with Webster University in St. Louis, Missouri, Dr. Schmalleger helped develop a graduate program in security management and loss prevention that is currently offered on U.S. military bases around the world. He taught courses in that curriculum for more than a decade, focusing primarily on computer and information security. Dr. Schmalleger has also taught in the New School for Social Research's on-line graduate program, helping to build the world's first electronic classrooms for criminal justice distance learning.Dr. Schmalleger is the author of numerous articles and many books, including Criminal Justice Today (Prentice Hall, 2005); Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction (Prentice Hall, 2004), Criminology Today (Prentice Hall, 2004); and Criminal Law Today (Prentice Hall, 2002). He is founding editor of the journal The Justice Professional and has served as imprint advisor for Greenwood Publishing Group's criminal justice reference series. Dr. Schmalleger is also the creator of a number of award-winning web sites (including cybrary.info and crimenews.info), and founder and codirector of the Criminal Justice Distance Learning Consortium (cjdlc.org), a project of the Justice Research Association.Schmalleger, Frank is the author of 'Corrections in the 21st Century (Hardcover)', published 2008 under ISBN 9780073375021 and ISBN 0073375020.